Wednesday, 30 January 2013




During Che Guevara`s first visit to Egypt, white settler zionist state attacked Gaza which had been under Egyptian administration. He visited gaza on June 18, 1959 walking around in Palestinian refugee camps, where he was welcomed with chants supporting the Cuban revolution.
Cuba welcomed the founding of the Palestine Liberation Organization, making official contact with it in 1965.


In case people might think that the white imperialists dont carry out white-ops in terrorism and blame it on so called 'Islamic terrorists', see here special forces of the brits caught red handed in Arab dress disguises in Basra, Iraq 2005, with bombs etc.


"One wants to make us believe in lost myths
Parts of history are corrupted and re-examined
From Ramses to Mandela, (*)
So many unspoken truths (*)
By being unaware of the original story,
one wanders without goal

Makeda was queen, beautiful and powerful
Solomon dreamed of her black skin (*)
I sing to revive the memories
To exhume knowledge
That the spiral of time erases

The Queen of Sheba lives in me
Makeda lives in me.

Let us revive our memory
The history should be changed
History is being deformed by words….No
The knowledge and wisdom are within reach
Listen and pay attention

Makeda was queen, beautiful and powerful
Solomon dreamed of her black skin
I sing to revive the memories
To exhume knowledge
That the spiral of time erases

The Queen of Sheba lives in me
Makeda lives in me.

My people dance and sing
They express their joy (*)
Far from ignorance
They show their faith (*)

Blessed with men and values (*)
We repair the errors
Sons and daughters you and me
Ready for the fight

Makeda was queen, beautiful and powerful
Solomon dreamed of her black skin
I sing to revive the memories
To exhume knowledge
That the spiral of time erases

The Queen of Sheba lives in me
Makeda lives in me.

(*) what I fixed"


Wednesday, 23 January 2013


Some Algeria Attackers Are Placed at Benghazi

January 23, 2013

ALGIERS - Several Egyptian members of the squad of militants that lay bloody siege to an Algerian gas complex last week also took part in the deadly attack on the United States Mission in Libya in September, a senior Algerian official said Tuesday.

The Egyptians involved in both attacks were killed by Algerian forces during the four-day ordeal that ended in the deaths of at least 38 hostages and 29 kidnappers, the official said. But three of the militants were captured alive, and one of them described the Egyptians' role in both assaults under interrogation by the Algerian security services, the official said.

If confirmed, the link between two of the most brazen assaults in recent memory would reinforce the transborder character of the jihadist groups now striking across the Sahara. American officials have long warned that the region's volatile mix of porous borders, turbulent states, weapons and ranks of fighters with similar ideologies creates a dangerous landscape in which extremists are trying to collaborate across vast distances.

Secretary of State Hillary Rodham Clinton, who is scheduled to testify before Congress on Wednesday about the Libyan attack that killed the American ambassador and three staff members, raised the specter of regional cooperation among extremists soon after the mission in Benghazi was overrun.

In particular, she said the Islamist militant takeover of northern Mali had created a "safe haven" for terrorists to "extend their reach" and work with other extremists in North Africa, "as we tragically saw in Benghazi," though she offered no clear evidence of such ties.

Now the Algerians say the plot to seize the gas complex in the desert was hatched in northern Mali as well. Indeed, Mokhtar Belmokhtar, the veteran militant who has claimed overall responsibility for the siege, is believed to be based there.

But the Algerian official did not say why the captured kidnapper's assertion - that some fighters had taken part in both the Benghazi and Algerian attacks - should be considered trustworthy. Nor did he say whether it was obtained under duress.

Instead, he focused on the chaos unleashed by the recent uprisings throughout the region, leaving large ungoverned areas where extremists can flourish.

"This is the result of the Arab Spring," said the official said, who spoke on condition of anonymity because investigations into the hostage crisis were still under way. "I hope the Americans are conscious of this."

American counterterrorism and intelligence officials have said that some members of Ansar al-Shariah, the group that carried out the attack on the diplomatic mission in Benghazi, had connections to Al Qaeda in the Islamic Maghreb, one of the militant groups now holding northern Mali. But American officials have also said that the Qaeda affiliate played no role in directing or instigating that Benghazi attack.

Similarly, Egyptian security officials said they believed that a longtime Islamist militant from Egypt was involved in the gas field attack, but the officials did not know of any connection to the Benghazi attack as well.

Algeria was firmly opposed to the Western intervention to help topple Col. Muammar el-Qaddafi in Libya in 2011, and this nation's conservative leadership viewed the Arab Spring with deep suspicion, making no secret of its desire to avoid any such occurrences.

Small-scale demonstrations here were quickly stifled, and ever since Algerian officials have not hesitated to point at what they see as the connection between popular demands for greater democracy that have swept the Arab world and the rise of Islamist militancy in the region.

Algerian officials says the militants who seized the gas field traveled through Niger and Libya, whose border is only some 30 miles from the plant at In Amenas. Mohamed-Lamine Bouchneb, the militant leading the attack at the site, had purchased arms for the assault in the Libyan capital, Tripoli, the senior official said.

The kidnappers had also gathered, undisturbed, at the southern Libyan town of Ghat, just across the border from Algeria, he said, depicting Libya as anarchic, without an effective military force and an ideal staging ground for attacks like the one launched a week ago.

Having already experienced a large-scale Islamist insurgency in the 1990s, in which perhaps as many as 100,000 were killed, Algeria had no intention of experiencing another, the official suggested. He defended the tough Algerian military assault during the standoff and dismissed criticism by foreign leaders that they were not informed of it in advance.

"We left it all up to the military chiefs," he said. "Myself, I was only informed a half-hour afterwards."

His assertion squares with the widely held view of Algerian analysts that the military, and in particular a cadre of elderly generals, holds a wide degree of autonomy in the country and often acts independently of civilian leadership.

The official said that Algeria could expect more terrorist attacks, despite having delivered sharp blows to militants over a period covering nearly 15 years.

"We're waiting for more," he said. "We are not out of the woods yet."




Tuesday, 22 January 2013



The Correct Handling of a Revolution

July 20, 1967

[The Writings of Huey P Newton]

The Black masses are handling the resistance incorrectly. When the brothers in East Oakland, having learned their resistance fighting from Watts, amassed the people in the streets, threw bricks and Molotov cocktails to destroy property and create disruption, they were herded into a small area by the Gestapo police and immediately contained by the brutal violence of the oppressor’s storm troops. Although this manner of resistance is sporadic, short-lived, and costly, it has been transmitted across the country to all the ghettos of the Black nation.

The identity of the first man who threw a Molotov cocktail is not known by the masses, yet they respect and imitate his action. In the same way, the actions of the party will be imitated by the people – if the people respect these activities.

The primary job of the party is to provide leadership for the people. It must teach by words and action the correct strategic methods of prolonged resistance. When the people learn that it is no longer advantageous for them to resist by going into the streets in large numbers, and when they see the advantage in the activities of the guerrilla warfare method, they will quickly follow this example.

But first, they must respect the party which is transmitting this message. When the vanguard group destroys the machinery of the oppressor by dealing with him in small groups of three and four, and then escapes the might of the oppressor, the masses will be impressed and more likely to adhere to this correct strategy. When the masses hear that a Gestapo policeman has been executed while sipping coffee at a counter, and the revolutionary executioners fled without being traced, the masses will see the validity of this kind of resistance. It is not necessary to organize thirty million Black people in primary groups of two’s and three’s, but it is important for the party to show the people how to stage a revolution.

There are three ways one can learn: through study, observation, and experience. Since the Black community is composed basically of activists, observation of or participation in activity are the principle ways the community learns. To learn by studying is good, but to learn by experience is better. Because the Black community is not a reading community it is very important that the vanguard group be essentially activists. Without this knowledge of the Black community a Black revolution in racist America is impossible.

The main function of the party is to awaken the people and teach them the strategic method of resisting a power structure which is prepared not only to combat with massive brutality the people’s resistance but to annihilate totally the Black population. If it is learned by the power structure that Black people have “X” number of guns in their possession, that information will not stimulate the power structure to prepare itself with guns; it is already prepared.

The end result of this revolutionary education will be positive for Black people in their resistance, and negative for the power structure in its oppression because the party always exemplifies revolutionary defiance. If the party does not make the people aware of the tools and methods of liberation, there will be no means by which the people can mobilize.

The relationship between the vanguard party and the masses is a secondary relationship. The relationship among the members of the vanguard party is a primary relationship. If the party machinery is to be effective it is important that the members of the party group maintain a face-to-face relationship with each other. It is impossible to put together functionary party machinery or programs without this direct relationship. To minimize the danger of Uncle Tom informers and opportunists the members of the vanguard group should be tested revolutionaries.

The main purpose of the vanguard group should be to raise the consciousness of the masses through educational programs and other activities. The sleeping masses must be bombared with the correct approach to struggle and the party must use all means available to get this information across to the masses. In order to do so the masses must know that the party exists. A vanguard party is never underground in the beginning of its existence; that would limit its effectiveness and educational goals. How can you teach people if the people do not know and respect you? The party must exist aboveground as long as the dog power structure will allow, and, hopefully, when the party is forced to go underground, the party’s message will already have been put across to the people. The vanguard party’s activities on the surface will necessarily be short-lived. Thus the party must make a tremendous impact upon the people before it is driven into secrecy. By that time the people will know the party exists and will seek further information about its activities if it is driven underground.

Many would-be revolutionaries work under the fallacious notion that the vanguard party should be a secret organization which the power structure knows nothing about, and that the masses know nothing about except for occasional letters that come to their homes by night. Underground parties cannot distribute leaflets announcing an underground meeting. Such contradictions and inconsistencies are not recognized by these so-called revolutionaries. They are, in fact, afraid of the very danger that they are asking the people to confront. These so-called revolutionaries want the people to say what they themselves are afraid to say, to do what they themselves are afraid to do. That kind of revolutionary is a coward and a hypocrite. A true revolutionary realizes that if he is sincere death is imminent. The things he is saying and doing are extremely dangerous. Without this realization it is pointless to proceed as a revolutionary.

If these impostors would investigate the history of revolution they would see that the vanguard group always starts out aboveground and is driven underground by the aggressor. The Cuban Revolution is an example: When Fidel Castro started to resist the butcher Batista and the American running dogs, he began by speaking publicly on the University of Havana campus. He was later driven to the hills. His impact upon the dispossessed people of Cuba was tremendous and his teachings were received with much respect. When he went into hiding, the Cuban people searched him out, going to the hills to find him and his band of twelve.

Castro handled the revolutionary struggle correctly, and if the Chinese Revolution is investigated it will be seen that the Communist Party operated quite openly in order to muster support from the masses. There are many more examples of successful revolutionary struggle from which one can learn the correct approach: the revolution in Kenya, the Algerian Revolution discussed in Fanon’s The Wretched of the Earth, the Russian Revolution, the works of Chairman Mao Tse-tung, and a host of others.

Millions and millions of oppressed people may not know members of the vanguard party personally but they will learn of its activities and its proper strategy for liberation through an indirect acquaintance provided by the mass media. But it is not enough to rely on the media of the power structure; it is of prime importance that the vanguard party develop its own communications organ, such as a newspaper, and at the same time provide strategic revolutionary art, and destruction of the oppressor’s machinery. For example in Watts the economy and property of the oppressor was destroyed to such an extent that no matter how the oppressor tried in his press to whitewash the activities of the Black brothers, the real nature and cause of the activity was communicated to every Black community. And no matter how the oppressor tried in his own media to distort and confuse the message of Brother Stokely Carmichael, Black people all over the country understood it perfectly and welcomed it.

The Black Panther Party for Self-Defense teaches that, in the final analysis the guns, hand grenades, bazookas, and other equipment necessary for defense must be supplied by the power structure. As exemplified by the Vietcong, these weapons must be taken from the oppressor. Therefore, the greater the military preparation on the part of the oppressor, the greater the availability of weapons for the Black community. It is believed by some hypocrites that when the people are taught by the vanguard group to prepare for resistance, this only brings ‘the man’ down on them with increasing violence and brutality; but the fact is that when the man becomes more oppressive he only heightens the revolutionary fervor. So if things get worse for oppressed people they will feel the need for revolution and resistance. The people make revolution; the oppressors, by their brutal actions, cause resistance by the people. The vanguard party only teaches the correct methods of resistance.

The complaint of the hypocrites that the Black Panther Party for Self-Defense is exposing the people to deeper suffering is an incorrect observation. By their rebellions in the Black communities across the country the people have proved that they will not tolerate any more oppression by the racist dog police. They are looking now for guidance to extend and strengthen their resistance struggle. The vanguard party exemplify the characteristics that make them worthy of leadership.



Our Algerian heroes - special forces of the Algerian army

"They [Algeria] care deeply about their sovereign rights," (european diplomat)

How reading imperialist press shows us that Algeria is a proud resistant anti-imperialist state

Sukant Chandan
Sons of Malcolm
22 Jan 2013

I have been shifting through a few dozen articles from various brit and yankee imperialist press on the recent events in Algeria. These articles have been mostly the wall street journal, financial times and the new york times (all quotes from the media cited with hyperlinks). I would like to share with readers of Sons of Malcolm what these news clippings shows us about the general relations between imperialism and FLN Algeria as one of the last few remaining independent and left nationalist states on the African continent.

There has been murmurings from those who might call themselves anti-imperialists or critical of western foriegn policy that Algeria is not a left nationalist anti-imperialist state. Some of our thinking and vigilant people are searching out the answers to the question: is Algeria some kind of client state with france and imperialism due to its economic and security cooperation on some levels with france, and even the usa?

What has confused matters greatly has been Algeria allowing its airspace for french planes in their operation against Mali, this is a complex issue which I am not going to exhaust here. However, one has to keep in mind that Algeria has to play the most clever game it can with the imperialist devils. The decision to go into Mali was taken by united nations security council 2085, if Algeria refused to allow their airspace to france, what would be the consequences to Algeria? They would not be good, however I am not at all arguing Algeria should have allowed france to do so, but I will defend their right to have done so even if I disagree with it, and disagreeing with it do the vast majority of the Algerian people including sections of the ruling party and army, but taking this decision does not turn Algeria into anything other than it is: a non-aligned anti-imperialist state with a very much alive and kicking left nationalist strategy for itself and towards the world.

I am not going to write a thorough expose of how FLN Algeria ever since it came to power in 1961 after the Great War of National Liberation of Mujahids and the Masses against french colonial settlerism, is a solidly anti-imperialist state, that is has always sided with the world anti-imperialist states, especially close with Cuba, China, Vietnam, Korea etc, rather I will use the voice of imperialism itself to explore some of these issues.

In so doing, my hope is that those who are honest and committed to fighting against imperialism for the liberation and people-centred development of our people, in this case Algerians, will proceed in the direction of closing ranks with FLN Algeria as a proud resistant country in these times of obvious nato war plans against it.

imperialism is a world system of escalating exploitation and war against the whole GlobalSouth, and right now it is obvious that after Libya, Syria and Mali, that they want to destroy, a la nato operation on Libya, the FLN Algerian state.

I cannot stress enough to readers that they should read THIS PIECE by myself exploring the financial times comments which exposes more than any other article some of the most important strategic war plans against Algeria by imperialism.

imperialist annoyance Algeria's independent action on hostage crisis

A glaringly obvious point to make in light of the dynamics between Algeria and imperialism in the Al Amenas gas plant hostage crisis is that if Algeria was a puppet or client state in any way with imperialism it would be highly unlikely to take unilateral  ie., independent action on this issue.

Even more so as this gas field is the biggest and most important field in all of Algeria, and gas more than oil is the fundamental mainstay of the Algerian economy; it is run by the Algerian state hydrocarbons company Sonatrach but in partnership with norwegian statoil and the brits bp.

Considering the gas plant is of such importance and is run by a few european junior partners with the Algerians, one would think if there was any element of slavishness and inferiority complex in the Algerian state that they would go well out of their way to ensure that the imperialists were in the loop, involved and content and happy with any military operation against the death squads who took over the plant. Nothing of the sort happened, and so we come to the evidence in the imperialist press.

Here the financial times here mentions something which is obvious across the imperialist media, that the FLN Algerian Army approach is one that imperialism is very unhappy with:

He [Algerian communications minister, Mohand Belaid Oussaid] ended by saying: “In the face of terrorism, yesterday, today and tomorrow, there will be no negotiations, no blackmail.”

It was the same ruthless approach to Islamist militancy Algiers has adopted since it crushed a rebellion in a civil war that left 200,000 dead. [I have been told this is a grossly exaggerated figure, serving once again to criminalise the Algerian state, the figure is more like 45,000 - Sukant] “That’s the Algerian government’s modus operandi going back to the 1990s,” said Aaron Zelin, an expert on Islamic militants at the Washington Institute for Near East Policy. “It’s perhaps not the way western countries would want to do it.”

More criticisms of Algeria in this ft article:

"Jens Stoltenberg, the Norwegian prime minister, said nine Norwegians remained unaccounted for. While he said he would have preferred to see the Algerians exercise restraint militarily, Mr Stoltenberg stopped short of criticising the operation."

One has to always go beyond the diplomatic speak amd understand "stopping short" of criticism means actually they are quite annoyed about the whole situation but the situation is delicate enough for them and they are sly enough to state it in any more strident terms.

From the yankee side of things, jay carney, white housre press spokeperson quoted here wouldnt confirm or not that the yanks were told before hand, because obviously they were not told so:

"Mr. Carney wouldn't say whether the U.S. offered to help the Algerians, or whether the Algerians consulted Washington before the raid."

Again, this obviously means that the yanks were not consulted by the Algerians prior to the launching of the successful operation to reclaim the gas field from the death sqaud.

But some of the most explicit criticism came from brit prime minister cameron in this piece:

"Prime Minister David Cameron of Britain said his office had not been told ahead of time, an implicit criticism of the Algerian government. A spokesman said that Mr. Cameron had learned of the raid through Britain's own intelligence sources and that "the Algerians are aware that we would have preferred to have been consulted in advance.""

It is of no particular surprise that it is the brits who are most overly active in their neo-colonial attitude, as we all remember how overly enthusiastic they were more than any other imperialist power in the nato campaign on Libya, how brit foreign minister wiliam hague led the international propaganda charge against Libya with his infamous claim which was an obvious lie that "Gaddafi has fled to Venezuela" on the first day of the pro-nato death squad rebellion in Libya.

So what would have imperialism preferred from Algeria in light of their criticisms? According to another imperialist media source:

"Security experts said Algerian authorities may now need to rethink the way security is handled, allowing more foreign involvement in the process." [...] "Several Western officials complained that the Algerians appeared to have taken none of the usual care exercised to minimize casualties when trying to free hostages." [...] "They care deeply about their sovereign rights," said the European diplomat, who spoke on the condition of anonymity because of the matter's delicacy."

More arrogant colonial-speak from the imperialist press, there is no sign whatsoever that the Algerians would want "more foreign involvement" in the security strategy, rather the whole Algerian Army operation points to the Algerians clearly saying to imperialism: we are an independent nation, we will take our decisions in our own time without consulting you, and we will deliver this operation no matter what the consequences to your own nationals are, and if this means some of your people are collateral in the process, then so be it, its not only the people of the GlobalSouth who suffer being "collateral" in their millions as a result of your imperialist adventures, it can cut both ways.

This issue of collateral cutting both ways is what I had raised several days ago here, and something which robert fisk mentioned the following day here. Obviously if a Black or Brown person of the Global South says such a thing, it becomes very controversial, but if a slippery opportunist career journalist of the western white world says it, it is suddenly a very interesting thing to reflect on.

"One of the world’s most fraught postcolonial relationships": Algeria - france

This piece states france and Algeria have one of the "most fraught" post-colonial dynamics, hardly the relationship of a client state, but the article also goes into a little of what the french are actually after in Algeria. What is france salivating over in terms of re-conquering Algeria? 

"François Hollande lands in Algeria on Wednesday to try to smooth one of the world’s most fraught postcolonial relationships and solicit help in tackling France’s economic crisis and dangerous instability in Mali, another former French colony." [..] "“There is a big financial crisis in Europe and especially in France, and he is coming here to find economic solutions,” [..] “France, like many other European countries, is on the verge of bankruptcy and they need our help to boost their economy, and that’s what Mr Hollande’s visit is going to be about.” [..] Along with a troupe of ministers, the president is bringing a group of 40 top executives from France’s big companies, hoping to reverse a trend in which Algeria’s growing ties with countries including China, Germany, Italy and Spain have threatened France’s position as biggest trade partner."

This quote neatly sums up many though not all of the dynamics at play between imperialism (france in this case) and Algeria. It clearly states that the two countries have one of the most difficult relationships between any two colonised and coloniser countries in the world, ie., Algeria is a defiant stand-up tall Global South country; that due to the world imperialist-capitalist crisis that this is pushing imperialism into deeper crisis and therefore more desperate moves to war by all means against Global South countries and that they are very concerned that China, along with Russia the biggest and most effective anti-imperialist countries in the world, are getting an increasing strategic partnership with those countries that imperialism feels are basically still rightfully their colonies, as in the case of Algeria.

Combine this with the financial times piece which is the single most important piece exposing imperialist attitudes and designs on Algeria of late, with the bemoaning of the "tough fiscal terms and the bullying behaviour of Sonatrach, the state-run energy group, which has a stake in most oil and gas ventures." and protesting Algeria's "resource nationalism", you clearly see that we are increasingly seeing a historical showdown between imperialism and one of Africa's last bastions of anti-imperialist independence and high (actually now the highest since the Libyan Jamahirya is no more) social indexes for its masses.

It is high time all people who oppose imperialism and support the rights of our peoples in the Global South to step up their defence of the Algerian state.

Everyone to close ranks with and defend the FLN Algerian state and Army.

For the defeat of imperialist designs on Algeria.

Unite or perish! 


My sections at 08:32, 13:40 and 20:09, however, it might interest viewers to see the whole exchange between myself and the zionist and imperialist-minded gentleman from berkley university.

Monday, 21 January 2013


The Love by A Tribe Called Quest on Grooveshark

# Love lovin' love 'cause I love what I do ...
Makin' sure love is givin' when I get it from you ...
She does it real good but love'll make it mo' better...
Really love women and I really love kids ...
Lovin' it
Yo yo, I'm lovin' it
Love a women when she got a tight outfit
Outfit meaning outlook and disposition ...
Love it when the pressure falls right on me ...
For weeks at a time, love is still intact
Let's be big about it, and realize the fact
Love it, when the underdog comes through
Ghetto rebel rise and overthrow these rules ...
Love it when my loved one really hold me down....


We do it all for the love y'all
Check it out, we do it all for the love y'all
For the love y'all, for the love y'all
For the love, for the love y'all
We get the paper but it's still for the love y'all
Yo, we do it all for the love y'all
For everybody, for the love for the love y'all
Wether white, black, Spanish, ain't a thug y'all
Yeah, we givin' y'all this shit, the love y'all
Just the love inside of the heart y'all
Yeah, for the love for the love y'all
Yeah, for the love for the love y'al #

Friday, 18 January 2013



Algeria will deal with their problem the way they see fit, a problem sent to them by imeprialism

Sukant Chandan, Sons of Malcolm

What are Algerian FLN State and Army communicating by their military operation against these death squads at Algeria's biggest gas plant? They are saying we will deal with this problem in the way WE see fit, no matter what you imperialists think, WE will clean up the mess you are sending to us from Mali and Libya, and if that means a few white europeans get chopped in the process, well that's just collateral damage we are more than willing to tolerate. And judging from the outcry in the imperialist press, this is JUST how the white man is taking it. collateral *can* go both ways you know, it not just millions of our own Black and Brown people.

Victory to the Algerian FLN State and Army in defence of their wonderful country, they are not only defending themselves, but the whole of Maghreb, Africa and the GlobalSouth.

ny times 17/01/2013:

"Prime Minister David Cameron of Britain said his office had not been told ahead of time, an implicit criticism of the Algerian government."

ny times 18/01/2013:

The State Department would not say if the United States had been notified in advance of Thursday's operation by the Algerians, but a Pentagon official said it had not.


Some former American officials who have dealt extensively with the Algerian military said on Thursday that they were not surprised that the Algerians would stage an operation without notifying other countries, including Britain and Japan, which were among the countries whose citizens were taken hostage, but which also received no advance notice of the operation.

"This is how they operate; they like to do things unilaterally," said Rudy Atallah, a former Air Force Special Operations officer and director of African counterterrorism for the Pentagon.


Algeria's cooperation has not always been everything American officials have wished.




I sent this message this morning to a great upstanding and knowledgeable brother, we have been on different sides of the barricades in Libya and Syria, but I am pleading with people to close ranks with Algerian FLN and army against imperalism. - Sukant Chandan, Sons of Malcolm

Peace Brother,

Brother, I write to you with revolutionary love.

I am pleading and begging you to see what the enemy has done to Libya and now Syria (and also Tunisia and Egypt), and I beg you to please not make the same mistakes on FLN Algeria.

I put it to you that in the interests of isolating the white imperialists we MUST close ranks totally with the FLN Algerian state and army and defend their right to defeat imperialist plans against them.

Let us put our egos and political sectarianism aside, and fight wholly against the imperialists, and close ranks totally with the FLN Algerians and army who are fighting not only for their independence, but your country's as well, the whole North Africa, whole of Africa and the entire GlobalSouth.

I wish you a blessed day and respect and love to you and your family and loved ones.



The two Great FLN Algerian leaders who led Algeria to independence in the Glorious Mujahid War of National Liberation and Socialism from the french white imperialists - Ben Bella and Boumidienne.

Victorious and Independent by 1961.

Algeria became a base for spreading and supporting revolution across Africa and the world.

Although these two leaders fell out, I still love them both,

Boumidienne after Ben Bella built up Agleria into a strong economic state for the masses, and also supported revolution against imperialism in a concrete way.

Today, FLN Algeria has THE BEST living standards for its people in all of Africa (Gaddafi's Libya had until nato destroyed that country, Boumidienne and ALL Aglerian national leaders have been close brothers with Gaddafi, indeed, Aisha Gaddaf and Gaddafi's wife are safe in exile in Algeria currently).

imperialism never has forgiven Algeria for its continuous independence and "recourse nationalism:


Long live FLN Algeria. Independent, proud, with an GLORIOUS history of struggle of our mujahid ancestors - men and women - which continues to inform the struggle today in Algeria against the imperialists.

Sukant Chandan, Sons of Malcolm


Algerian state organised sisters, armed and ready

RED ALERT For Anti-Imperialists as empire starts to up its war propaganda and tactics against Algeria

Sukant Chandan,
Sons of Malcolm

As has been predicted by a select few anti-imperialists across the world, Algeria is a high priority target for regime change and devastation on the model of Libya and Syria. white imperialism at its allies were in high hopes that Algeria would be hit by imperialist and gulf backed counter revolution following Tunisia, Egypt, Syria, and Libya, but this has thus far miserable failed to materialise (please see here, here and here)

Sons of Malcolm has charted the manner in which white imperialist agencies have sent their mercenaries in the guise of so-called 'jihadis' (I say "so called" as Jihad is an honourable and haughty concept of obligation to fight oppression) actually death squads into Mali (please see here, here and here). They are doing this as a means to facilitate deeper imperialist penetration into Africa and as a means to entrap Algeria in order to destabilise it, softening it up for divide and destroy, rather than they older colonial technique of divide and rule.

Now below the british financial imperialist-capitalist 'financial times' newspaper can hardly hide its glee that the southern oil and gas fields of Algeria have been targeted by death squads, and that this should be the signal of the entire white imperialist word withdrawing its investment in the lifeline industry of the Algerian national economy. It admits itself that this would cripple the Algerian economy, which no doubt they would hope would demoralise the Algerian people and make conditions conducive to some combination of Arab sting and nato bombing type of operation.

Interestingly, this article in the financial times has been changed since earlier today (I read it at approx 1700hrs), luckily Pan African News Wire, an excellent resource, posted the same article earlier showing this to be the case. It is not unusual for news sources to change their articles through the day, but the change of this article has been so drastic (please see the earlier one below, and then the latest one below that under the dotted line), it is very obvious that they are in direct or indirect concert with the other sections of the british and euro white imperialist ruling class in understanding that with the hostage situation by the death squads (have they been sent into Algeria by imperialism?), at least indirectly by ensuring the death squads don't go southwards in Mali, but stay in northern Mali with only Algeria and the massive oil and gas fields in Algeria concentrated in this area as explained by brother Dan Glazebrook on RT today.

And below one can read that they are directly attacking the Algerian parliament and political system; directly denouncing the energy policies, and accusing Algeria of "resource nationalism", the exact same thing they accused of Libya just over a year of initiating the nato bombing and destruction of perhaps the greatest anti-imperialist and internationalist Black Power Socialist Republic we have ever had.

We peoples of the Global South, we anti-imperialists and those who believe in real peace and independence for the peoples of the world, are now in a red alert situation in regards to Algeria. We must learn the lessons of the Libya debacle, we must expose all those so called anti-war leaders who actually joined in and are still joining in the nato war propaganda in demonising Syria's Assad, before Libya's Gaddafi, and now FLN Algeria. Expose people like patrick cockburn and especially jeremy keenan at soas who are spreading total lies about Aglerian FLN and the western backed death squads, with their ONLY evidence being a senior usa military intelligence officer!

". In an article in The National Interest entitled ‘The Ugly truth about Algeria’, Schindler, a former high-ranking US intelligence officer and long-standing member of the US National Security Council (NSC) and currently Professor of National Security Affairs at the US Naval War College, ‘blew the whistle’ on Algeria when he described how:

“the GIA (Armed Islamic Group) [of the 1990s] was the creation of the DRS" (source)

[DRS is Algerian state intelligence services: Dept of Intelligence and Security- Sukant]; "

And this is going around being promoted by white imperialists liberals and dodgy types all over the place as supposed liberal and lefty politics! Pambazuka who have printed jeremy keenan's nonsense should really consider not only getting rid of that article but denouncing him as he has been one of the main promoters for regime change in Algeria for many years (please see the above hyperlinks in the first paragraph of my article).

We ourselves must get new people active, take responsibilities in the struggle in a reliable and dedicated fashion, we must do all things possible to raise our voices and strengthen our movement for internationalism with Algeria, of supporting them in their plans to defeat imperialist plans that are escalating right now against them, and defending the gains of the Algerian FLN-led revolution and state, which has the highest living standards in all of Africa, now Gaddafi's Libya has fallen which had the highest before, with education and health being free for the Algerian masses.

The spirit of the Battle of Algiers lives on, and france, as well as the rest of the white imperialists have never forgotten the FLN's bloody nose to them, nor have they ever stopped their war plans against Algeria since 1961 until today.

version from financial times at around 1700hrs 17/01/2013 today: 


The incident is a big blow to Algeria’s carefully nurtured reputation as a safe place to invest, a place where foreign oil companies could go about their business without fear of attack.

Algerian officials long boasted that even during the bad old days of the 1990s civil war, when thousands died in an Islamist insurgency, western energy groups’ installations were never targeted.

Yet there are more immediate consequences for Algeria. A huge field, In Amenas produces 9bn cubic metres of gas a year – about 12 per cent of Algeria’s total output and 18 per cent of its gas exports, according to Société Générale. It also pumps 60,000 barrels a day of condensate, a valuable liquid fuel that is a byproduct of gas extraction. The country earns roughly $3.9bn a year in export revenues from In Amenas’ gas, says SocGen. A protracted crisis at the complex could put a serious dent in the country’s balance of payments.

It could also have implications for European energy security. The continent has long been dependent on Algeria for energy imports. The country is the third-largest supplier of gas into the EU, after Russia and Norway, and In Amenas’ production alone accounts for 2 per cent of European demand.


Latest version of the same article on their website now 00:22hrs

Some believe the effect of the crisis could be even profound, pushing some oil groups into quitting the north African country altogether.

“For the companies that have had it with Algeria, this could be the last straw,” says one western oil executive working in the capital.

For a time, Algeria was one of the biggest draws in the energy industry, a country with some of north Africa’s largest oil and gas fields and huge exploration potential in its vast, unexplored desert regions. In terms of proven reserves it has more natural gas than Iraq and 12bn barrels of oil – about the same as Angola.

Foreign companies have been present there for decades. In 1964, Algeria opened the world’s first commercial liquefied natural gas plant, which was built with technology provided by Royal Dutch Shell. The majors even remained throughout the bloody civil war in the 1990s. Algeria’s armed forces took special care to insulate the oil companies’ operations from the violence.

“In the 10 years that Algeria was at war, nothing significant happened at its oil and gas installations in the south,” Mr Haroun says.

Yet in the last decade, as oil prices soared and resource nationalism took hold, Big Oil has soured on Algeria. Companies complain of crushing bureaucracy, tough fiscal terms and the bullying behaviour of Sonatrach, the state-run energy group, which has a stake in most oil and gas ventures.

Anadarko Petroleum took Sonatrach to international arbitration over a controversial windfall tax imposed by Algeria in 2006. The two eventually reached a settlement last March, under which Sonatrach was obliged to pay Anadarko $1.8bn and amend its contract with the US company.

As a result of these and other disputes, Algeria has lost its lustre. There have been no major oil or gas discoveries in the past 20 years. Recent bidding rounds for new exploration licences have elicited little or no interest from western companies.

Stung by the dwindling enthusiasm, Algeria has taken steps to improve its image. Parliament is discussing amendments to the country’s oil law, which many hope will improve terms for investors. A new oil bidding round is being planned for later this year.

That may now be ditched, considering the incident at In Amenas. “It would be unwise to go ahead,” says Mr Haroun.

A huge field, In Amenas produces 9bn cubic metres a year of gas – about 12 per cent of Algeria’s total output and 18 per cent of its gas exports, according to Société Générale. The country earns roughly $3.9bn a year in export revenues from In Amenas’ gas, says SocGén, so a protracted crisis at the complex could put a serious dent in Algeria’s balance of payments.

All in all, the attack has come at the worst possible time for Algeria. “It’s happened just as it was trying to fight the natural decline in its oilfields, increase its gas production capacity and become more investor-friendly,” says Samuel Ciszuk, an analyst at KBC Energy Economics.

Wednesday, 16 January 2013


“The entire colonial world is watching the blacks inside the U.S., wondering and waiting for us to come to oursenses. Their problems and struggles with the Amerikan monster are much more di cult than they would be if we actively aided them. We are on the inside. We are the only ones(besides the very small white minority left) who can get at the monster’s heart without subjecting the world to nuclear re. We have a momentous historical role to act out if we will.”

- Field Marshall of the Black Panther Party, George Jackson (murdered by prison guards in Soledad prison in August 1971) Prison Diaries, 1970

Quoted in Panther Legacy magazine (2008)


Monday, 14 January 2013


The war is in Mali and Algeria is the target

Jan 14 2013
Abdel Bari Atwan
Al Quds Al Arabi

[sent to me via email]

Yesterday, former Italian Prime Minister Silvio Berlusconi told us that France dispatched planes to bomb positions in Libya prior to the issuance of a Security Council resolution in this regard, and blew a local conflict out of proportion to justify its intervention. Today, international news outlets are telling us that French aircrafts have been bombing and for the third day in a row, positions belonging to Islamic rebels in Mali, and has dispatched additional troops to the capital Bamako while awaiting the arrival of forces from West African states to oust the rebels who are connected with the Al-Qa’idah organization in the northern part of the country...

... the air bombing which targeted Libya and aimed at toppling the regime in it, it allowed the Jihadist organization to acquire an arsenal of weapons of all types and sizes, to control the African desert and to pave the way before its supporters to control Northern Mali and establish the state of Azawadestan in it, with the support of the Algerian Calling and Jihad group, i.e. one of the branches of Al-Qa’idah in the Islamic Maghreb…

American Secretary of State Mrs. Hillary Clinton went to Algeria in the hope of convincing its government to militarily interfere to end the Islamic Jihadist presence in Mali, i.e. to drown it in a bloody financial depletion war for years to come. Nonetheless, Algeria refused to carry out this dubious mission, and we do not exclude seeing it subjected to a devastating sanction due to this rejection. Oil is the headline of all Western military intervention in the Islamic world, and the one in Mali will not be an exception. True, Mali is not rich in oil, but it neighbors the largest oil and gas fields in Africa, i.e. the ones located in Algeria and Nigeria... They have failed to detonate a revolution in Algeria, not because its regime is an archetype of democracy and justice, but because the Algerian people lost 200,000 people in a civil war which lasted around ten years.

“Hence, they could no longer tolerate another civil war, in which they would be abandoned by the West to their fate as it happened the first time… The Algerians were wise, but this wisdom is facing a difficult and critical test. Indeed, the intervention is currently coming from the southern backdoor, a place which they never expected... For how long will the Arabs and Muslims remain the scene of Western military interventions to control their wealth under various excuses and headlines?!

Sunday, 13 January 2013


My sections at 06:14, 15:06 and 22:40. The other guests are definitely worth listening to as well.

My apologies to brother Kaveh Taghvai for being rude to him when he interrupted me, I mistakenly thought it was the guest from new york. I hope he can forgive my mistake.

Sukant Chandan, Sons of Malcolm

Saturday, 12 January 2013


The New Sykes-Picot

Nov 13 2011

Mohamed Hassanein Heikal: “What’s happening now is not a ‘spring,’ but a new ‘Sykes-Picot’ to divide the Arabs”

Revolutions are not a deal for external forces to “hand over the keys” … and the West is recognizing the Muslim Brotherhood as a tool for fomenting sectarian strife

Nasrallah: What Yemen, Syria and the region are witnessing is part of a Zionist-American plan of fragmentation.

Writer and veteran political analyst Mohamed Hassanein Heikal has stated that the events the Arab world is now witnessing are not a “spring” but a new “Sykes-Picot” to divide the Arab region and divvy up its resources and territories as part of three plans. The first plan is “Euro-American,” the second is Iranian, and the third is Turkish, in addition to an Israeli half-plan to stymie the Palestinian issue. He argued that revolutions are not factory-made and it’s impossible for them to succeed this way. Revolutions do not take place in the sense that control-hungry external forces “hand over the keys;” rather, they are looking out for their own interests, and no one should imagine that popular liberation comes second after [foreigners’] own interests.

He pointed to the fact that American and Western recognition of the Muslim Brotherhood did not stem from an acceptance of their rights, or out of respect or out of wisdom – but rather because they took the advice of Middle East specialists to use events to fuel strife within Islam for the benefit of others. He added that the Brotherhood’s euphoria at American and Western recognition of their legitimacy has not led them to examine the causes behind this recognition beyond the initial euphoria.

Writer and political analyst Mohamed Hassanein Heikal made these comments in a recent interview in Al-Ahram.

Heikal pointed out that what we’re seeing is not simply an Arab Spring wafting across the region, but a regional and international political change rapidly progressing across a wide front, and producing profound and dangerous effects.

He said: “What we’re seeing now is a national project that is collapsing, and its remains are being swept away while other projects compete over the vacuum now that this project has let its time and place slip away.” He added, “I can almost see it: maps that were hung on the wall are now being taken off and folded up because the scene has changed, since the recalcitrant areas have come to heel or are coming to heel, and lost areas have been recovered or are now being recovered. All this is preparation for a chapter in a Middle East that is now being re-planned, re-arranged, and re-secured so it doesn’t slip away again, as happened when the Arabs were seduced by the dream of their national project, and for years it seemed as if this Arab national project was the shape of the future.

Heikal clarified, saying: “There are three and a half plans on the scene now. The first is a Western plan that appears determined and has effective tools and an aim that motivates its pupils; the second is a Turkish plan that seems ambitious; the third is an Iranian plan beckoning timidly from afar; and then there is an Israeli half-plan characterized by crudeness.

He pointed out that the Western plan, which is Euro-American, is advancing along two axes in a pincer movement to surround and encircle. The first axis is visible, audible and tangible and is an endeavor to drown the region in inter-Islamic conflict, specifically Sunni-Shi’a, and this plan’s march began several years ago when the imperial regime in Iran fell and was replaced by the revolutionary Islamist regime. As for the second axis of the Euro-American plan, it is an axis parallel to the one involving sectarian strife, and it is advancing with marked speed to outpace the others. This line consists of a division of the region along the lines of the “Sykes-Picot” agreement, with necessary adjustments for changed circumstances. He clarified that “the new maps aren’t divvying up the inheritance of the Ottoman caliphate, but rather the inheritance of the Arab national project that managed to expel Western colonialism in the previous stage and which tried to fill the void and failed,” and that “the Ottoman caliphal state was unable to protect its possessions, and thus lost its inheritance. The Arab project was unable to protect itself, and therefore its inheritance is now being divvied up today.”

Heikal expanded, saying: “The first ‘Sykes-Picot’ was a line on a map stretching from ‘k’ to ‘k’ – the ‘k’ in Akka and the ‘k’ in Kirkuk and it divided the north. This time there isn’t a dividing line, but scattered locations. The division the first time was a geographical division and distribution of nations, but the division this time is a division of resources and locations. Clearly what’s being divided now is first of all oil and its surpluses … the oil and surpluses of Libya after the oil and surpluses of Iraq.”

In response to a question asking him to give an example of a practical application of the new Sykes-Picot to what is now happening in Libya, Heikal replied: “We know from what we read now that concessions on Libya’s oil are being distributed, and at percentages that have been made publicly known: 30% to France (Total), 20% to Britain (British Petroleum). The British share is lower because Britain got more of Iraq’s oil. I don’t have the rest of the distribution percentages in front of me right now, but Italy is claiming a vested interest (Eni), then the American companies are insisting to be put on the list of inheritors… After the inheritance of resources, there is an allotment of locations in terms of a base for the Sixth Fleet in Tripoli for the U.S., an intelligence center in Benghazi and Tobruk for Britain; Italy protests that Libya was historically considered within its area of influence; France across the sea also has its demands. All this while the din of battle is still ringing and the tide of blood is still flowing.

Heikal related a confession made by someone closely linked to the Transitional Council in Libya, who said they imagined that, after a mere stirring in Benghazi, Gadhafi would do what Ben Ali had done in Tunisia and Mubarak had done in Egypt and leave. They hit the streets and came out into the open, but the man didn’t leave. He remained in Libya and with him a large part of the country and the people, and likewise most of the army and the tribes as well. For this reason, they were compelled to accept the assistance of “foreign military intervention.” If Gadhafi had fled and let them free, they wouldn’t have fallen into this dilemma, but he didn’t do that.

Heikal pointed out that what’s happening in Libya is no longer just a popular revolution, but it now appears to be a foreign invasion and takeover as well, which has killed 30,000 victims – Libyan men, women, and children – wounded nearly 70,000, and left installations and facilities destroyed.

Heikal expressed his belief that the resistance in Libya is ongoing and that “those resisting alongside Gadhafi are doing so out of their sense of belonging to the Libyan nation. They’re not clinging to Gadhafi; it’s because Libya has been invaded – and the same cause will lead both the cities and tribes of Libya to the brink of civil war.”

Heikal then emphasized that the elements of any revolution need to be mature for the revolution to succeed. He said: “To be completely honest, revolutions are not factory-made and it’s impossible for them to succeed in this manner. Revolutions do not take place by “handing over the keys.’ I mean there are no revolutions where the keys are handed over by external forces who are seeking control. These external forces are just looking out for their own interests, and no one should imagine that popular liberation comes second on their list after their own interests. We’ve found out from what we’ve heard and seen in the Arabian Peninsula about the construction of palaces by “turnkey” contracts, as the current expression goes. This also happens with ports and airports: everything is paid in advance in cash in return for the handover of the keys, but revolutions are something else.”

Heikal said: “Several weeks ago I read a headline in a newspaper saying that NATO paved the way for the liberation of Tripoli, but I rather doubt that NATO wants to liberate an inch of Arab land.”

He added: “The Arabs haven’t learned in the past or in the present, that there are no pacts between nations except what the logic of power requires, as they will all repudiate any pact at the first bend of the road if their interests call for it.” In the course of his conversation about Syria, Heikal said that foreign military intervention at this moment is a frightening prospect and it is hard to estimate the consequences of the alternative to foreign invasion, especially after what happened in Iraq, Yemen, Sudan, and finally Libya.

He added that: “The region from Baghdad to Benghazi and from Aleppo and Aden cannot endure all the urgent and pressing events that are facilitated by foreign armies and fleets, even if that would clear things out here.”

Concerning Iranian and Turkish plans in the region, Heikal made clear that the Iranian plan is limited in its framework for several reasons related to geographical distance, history and culture, in addition to the fact that this plan is under siege and its strategy now has to be one of defense. There is also a Turkish plan that has had greater luck because its historical basis still lingers in the memory and cultural legacy of the region. Heikal called attention to the fact that Ottoman Turkey was the victim whose inheritance was divvied up among others in the first “Sykes-Picot,” and now it faces the enticing prospect of becoming a partner in the new inheritance, after being a victim in the previous one.

Heikal then warned against the Arabs’ falling into sectarian strife, seeing as this “will lead to disasters the beginnings of which we are seeing in Yemen and Bahrain.” Heikal strongly criticized the Muslim Brotherhood for not grasping what is happening, attributing this to what he called “the euphoria of recognition” of their legitimacy, which has not given them sufficient opportunity to examine the reasons behind this recognition beyond the initial euphoria, according to Heikal.

He said that American and Western recognition of the Muslim Brotherhood “did not stem from an acceptance of their rights, or from a calculation whose reasons suddenly became manifest to the recognizers, or out of respect or wisdom, but rather because they accepted – even if only partially – the advice of Orientalists, including Bernard Lewis, to employ sectarian strife to continue Iran’s isolation in the Arab and Islamic world.”

Heikal added that after Bernard Lewis’ advice was taken, American policy tried to use Arab leaders to achieve this demand, and they placed visible importance on the efforts of princes and presidents to attempt to change the principal nature of the conflict in the region from an Arab-Israeli conflict to an Arab-Persian conflict. This attempt did not enjoy the success that higher-ups in Washington and elsewhere were hoping for, so the Orientalist advice cropped up again that the most effective way to intensify the conflict would be if it went from being governments against governments to become societies against societies, and for the conflict to be between Islamic sects, as this issue already involves direct hostility and has the most profound resonance.

Heikal spoke about the adjustments in American policy with regards to expanding and fanning the conflict between Sunni and Shi’a groups, adding: “It was with this intention that the issue of recognizing the Muslim Brotherhood cropped up, and the acceptance of their legitimate participation in what they were previously banned from. The Muslim Brotherhood is an active Sunni organization and furthermore, it is useful that the people behind this request at the moment think that the Sunni Brotherhood has a role at the heart of the Arab street in the confrontation with Shi’sm.”

He went on to say: “The Brotherhood had the right to be recognized, but after the initial euphoria it was their duty to survey the motives behind the recognition, in the sense that while it is true they have this right, the use of this right to fuel strife within Islam for the benefit of others is wrong – especially in these circumstances.”

In a related context, Secretary-General of the Lebanese group Hezbollah, Hassan Nasrallah, stated that what the Arab region is witnessing is part of a Zionist-American plan whose aim is to redraw the map of the region.

In a speech marking Ayatollah Khomeini’s birthday Tuesday evening, Nasrallah said: “What Yemen, Syria, and a number of Arab countries are witnessing is part of the Zionist-American plan of fragmentation.”

In his speech – which was broadcast by a number of satellite channels – Nasrallah warned the people he described as “those following the orbit of the American plan” against the disastrous results that may befall Palestine, Lebanon and the Arab nation.

In the same context, a number of analysts and observers have confirmed that the involvement of Italy, Britain, France, Turkey, Qatar and America in divvying up Libya’s wealth has become quite inevitable, citing the visit of French President Nicolas Sarkozy and British PM David Cameron to Tripoli at the end of August to attend what they called a “Party to Carve Up the Libyan Oil Pie.” It was here that Chairman of the Libyan Transitional Council Mustafa Abdel Jalil mentioned that “allies and friends” will have priority in oil contracts and that “all those who helped Libya will have priority in all fields, not just the energy and oil sectors.”

Analysts have also said that Libya is currently witnessing an acceleration of the pace of oil production to ensure the new government’s revenue, and also because it is a pressing need for the countries of the West, especially as they are on the brink of winter and need quantities of gas for heating. As foreign oil companies gear up to resume their activity in Libyan oil fields, other companies from countries that participated in NATO’s Operation Unified Protector in Libya are preparing to enjoy new concessions as a down payment on “compensation” for their countries’ support of the Libyan opposition in the process of removing the Gadhafi regime.

Thursday, 10 January 2013


Where are those scum now who championed this nato putsch from Feb 2011 as a "revolution"? Total silence. They have been proved wrong by Gaddafi who said this would happen back in Feb 2011. They hae been proved by history to be the tools and slaves of the white devils in nato.

502 murders in 2012? How about over 50,000 killed by nato n six months in 2011? Sorry, that was "liberation".

There is no actual 'ministry of the interior', there is no government in Libya, no law, the country is a patch work of death squads unleashed by nato in Feb 2011. I am not in any way giving any credit to the media organisation of this news source, quite the opposite.

God willing, one day Libyan tribes will be united under the banner of Pan-Africanism, Islamic Socialism, Pan-Arabism, independence and anti-imperialism, inspired by the trail blazed by Muammar Gaddafi for 42 years. 

Sukant Chandan, Sons of Malcolm

Murder Rate up 500% in Libya


According to the Ministry of the Interior, crime has soared in Libya in the past year.

The number of murders has risen from 87 in 2010 to 525 in 2012, it had reported on its official Facebook page. This represents an increase of 503 percent.

Similarly, thefts from shops and offices over the same period have risen from 143 to 783 — a 448-percent increase. Thefts from private homes have gone up from 1,842 to 2,387 — a 30-percent increase.

The figures underline the lack of security across the country since the revolution. Reports of thefts, particularly car-jackings are common, with people even being killed for resisting.  Even so, the level of murders is likely to surprise many.

Qaddafi released some 15,000 prisoners before the liberation of Tripoli and many have not been recaptured.

Commenting on the rise, the Ministry’s official spokeman, Madgi Al-Urfi said that it ws hoped that crime rates 2013 would be far below these levels.

“We deeply belief that we in Libya are in desperate need of reorganisation and re-construction by way of appointing a single security authority that is built on asound and solid foundation,” he was quoted as saying.